Chocolate contains compounds like phenylethylamine and tyramine, which may contribute to migraine attacks in some individuals.
While some people find relief from migraines with caffeine, others may experience headaches or migraines as a result of caffeine withdrawal or overconsumption.
Aged cheeses, such as cheddar, blue cheese, and parmesan, contain tyramine, which is associated with migraine triggers in some individuals.
Certain alcoholic beverages, particularly red wine, beer, and spirits, contain substances like tyramine and sulfites that may trigger migraines.
Processed meats like bacon, hot dogs, and deli meats contain nitrates and nitrites, which are potential migraine triggers for some individuals.
Citrus fruits, such as oranges, lemons, and grapefruits, contain high levels of tyramine and may trigger migraines in sensitive individuals.
MSG, a flavor enhancer often found in processed foods and restaurant dishes, has been reported by some individuals to trigger migraines.
Aspartame and other artificial sweeteners found in diet sodas and sugar-free products have been associated with migraines in some people.