8 Oldest Dog Breeds On The Planet

Hello, fellow dog lovers! Ever wondered which pups have been man’s best friend the longest? Let’s embark on a fascinating journey through time to uncover the eight oldest dog breeds on the planet. These breeds aren’t just adorable companions; they’re living pieces of history!

1. Saluki: The Ancient Hunter

Grace and Speed from the Sands of Time

Originating from the Fertile Crescent, the Saluki is believed to date back to 329 B.C. Revered in ancient Egypt, they were known as the royal dog of Egypt. Salukis are like the cheetahs of the dog world, known for their incredible speed and grace. Imagine these elegant dogs racing across ancient deserts, a sight to behold!

2. Basenji: The Barkless Beauty

A Silent Sentinel with a Storied Past

The Basenji, hailing from Central Africa, is another ancient breed known for its unique lack of a bark. They’re thought to have existed since the time of the Pharaohs. The Basenji is like the sphinx of the dog world – mysterious and quiet, with an intriguing history.

3. Chinese Shar-Pei: The Wrinkled Guardian

A Living, Breathing Chinese Artifact

With its distinctive wrinkled skin, the Chinese Shar-Pei is like a living, breathing Chinese artifact. This breed has been identified in Chinese art dating back to the Han Dynasty (around 200 B.C.). They’re like the wise old men of the dog world, dignified and calm.

4. Akita Inu: The Japanese Royalty

A Symbol of Nobility and Honor

The Akita Inu is a breed with a rich history in Japan, where it was originally used for hunting. Regarded as a symbol of good health, happiness, and longevity, the Akita has been a part of Japanese culture for centuries. They’re like the samurai warriors of the dog kingdom – noble and courageous.

5. Alaskan Malamute: The Arctic Survivor

A Tale of Strength and Endurance

Originating from the Arctic, the Alaskan Malamute is a breed built for strength and endurance. Used by the Mahlemut tribe for hunting and pulling heavy sleds, this breed has a history that is as rugged as the terrain they thrived in. They’re the ultimate survivors of the canine world.

6. Afghan Hound: The Aristocrat of the Canine World

Elegance and Mystery from the Mountains of Afghanistan

With their regal appearance and silky coat, Afghan Hounds have been admired for centuries. Originating from the mountains of Afghanistan, their history intertwines with the aristocracy. They’re like the elegant, mysterious nobles of the dog world.

7. Tibetan Mastiff: The Himalayan Sentinel

A Guardian of Monasteries and Villages

The Tibetan Mastiff is an ancient breed used by nomadic cultures of Tibet, China, Nepal, and India to protect sheep from predators. Known for their imposing presence and protective nature, they’re like the ancient guardians of the Himalayas.

8. Samoyed: The Smiling Siberian

A Bundle of Joy from the Frozen North

Lastly, the Samoyed, with its characteristic “Sammy smile,” hails from Siberia where they were used for herding and pulling sleds. Their friendly disposition is a heartwarming contrast to their harsh, snowy origins. They’re like the smiling, joyful spirits of the canine ancestry.

Conclusion: Timeless Companions, Ancient Lineages

These eight ancient breeds offer more than just companionship; they connect us to our past. From the sands of Egypt to the mountains of Tibet, these dogs have stood by our ancestors through the sands of time. They’re not just pets; they’re a living link to the early days of human civilization.


1. Which of these breeds is the best for families?

The Samoyed, known for its friendly nature, is generally considered a great family dog.

2. Are these ancient breeds harder to train?

It varies. Some, like the Basenji, are known for their independence, which can make training a challenge, while others, like the Samoyed, are more eager to please.

3. How long have dogs been domesticated?

Dogs have been domesticated for at least 15,000 years, but some studies suggest it could be even longer.

4. Do these ancient breeds have more health problems?

Like all breeds, they have predispositions to certain health issues, but responsible breeding practices have helped mitigate many concerns.

5. Are these breeds suitable for apartment living?

It depends on the breed. Some, like the Afghan Hound, adapt well to various living situations, while others, like the Alaskan Malamute, need more space and exercise.

Victorine Jardine, a M.Sc. Part 1 student with 3 years of content writing experience, is a specialist in Health (Weight Loss, Fat Burn Food etc.), Astrology and pets topics. With a deep love for animals, Jardine also provides informative content on pet care, behavior, and the bond between humans and their furry companions. Know the enchanting worlds of zodiac signs and pets through Victorine Jardine's engaging writing.

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